Mental Health in India
After an upsurge of issues related to Mental Health, it is recognised as one of the major health issues prevalent in the 21st century. Although mental health has been an issue since the Stone Age, but it was only by the late 90s that people started acknowledging the gravity of the problem.
A person does not necessarily have to be physically unfit to experience mental health sickness. A physically fit and active person can also feel alone, depressed, unhappy and even suicidal without it being any of his fault. In case such emotions are not given adequate professional help, the person may experience a long term mental illness. This affects him and everyone around him- his relationships, productivity and all the activities he undertakes.
After extensive research about the pressing issue, scientists have come up with different mental disorders like Clinical Depression, Anxiety disorder, Bipolar disorder etc. and a specific treatment for each type. As technical as it may seem, the most effective treatment is communication. And for effective communication and further aid, there needs to be certain level of Mental Health awareness in the society.
India, being the second most populous nation, and housing over one billion population is naturally one of the countries with highest Mental Health issues. A still developing nation with ‘far more pressing’ issues like poverty, unemployment and illiteracy, the Indian society does not treat Mental Health as a major health issue. Furthermore, due to stigma associated with mental illness, lack of awareness and the limited access to professional help, only 10-12% of the sufferers seek help. Large faction of the respondents are indifferent towards the sufferers and merely take Mental Health as a social taboo. So much so, that India ranks 118 out of 154 in the United Nation’s World Happiness Index as of 2018.
The situation is changing slowly but steadily and the issue is coming to light with the help of the government, as it passed the Mental Healthcare Act in 2017 which came into force in 2018. This Act aims to provide for mental healthcare and services for persons with mental illness and to protect, promote and fulfil the rights of such persons during delivery of mental healthcare and services.
IDCL, being a pioneering management and development consultancy provides pro bono consulting to alleviate major socio economic problems in the development sector. It is going to undertake a project involving the building and functioning of a Mental Health Hospital in Rajasthan. By providing strategy development services for this project and many others, IDCL can help to sensitise the individuals about the signs, symptoms of mental illness and normalise the idea of seeking help for it.